The identification of a person’s face and its emotional perception began with the first beginnings of public self-consciousness in human society from the time that a person began to put his own observations and conclusions into oral traditions. Later, the belief in the relationship between appearance and character was reflected first in folklore, in legends of various kinds of healers and fortunetellers, and then in the works of ancient philosophers and writers, becoming part of generally accepted knowledge.
Considering a person as a carrier of communicative potential, people pay considerable attention to messages on the faces of others.
In the modern world, a person is also identified by his own ID, i.e. digital name and “biometric passport”.
Everyone has the right to name: the child acquires such a right from the moment of birth. Meanwhile, the name of a person in the modern world has connections not only with his family, but also with the states of origin or stay. At the same time, states impose to the person’s name not a semantic but an identifying value, which allows unambiguously to encode and identify a person in communications with the use of automation equipment.
One of the important problems facing developed countries was the problem of illegal migration. States wanted to protect themselves from the entry of unwanted elements, to gain access to the entire travel history of the traveler, which, of course, could not fit into one page in printed form. Modern technologies came to the rescue - electronic memory chips.
Biometric passport is a state document proving the identity and nationality of the owner when crossing the borders of states and staying abroad. The biometric passport differs from the usual one in that a special chip is built in it containing the owner's photo and also his data: last name, first name, patronymic, date of birth, passport number, date of issue and expiration, as well as any additional information about the owner . Standards provide for the possibility of storing special biometric information in the chip, for example, the design of the iris or fingerprints.
The identification number of a citizen of Uzbekistan is 14 digits with an open generation algorithm: gender and century of birth index, date of birth in the format “ddmmyy”, region (city) code, citizen’s sequence number (the number is generated by the meter in accordance with the order of receiving passports), control numeral.
The pretext for the introduction of biometric documents were the events of September 11, 2001 in the USA; the idea of the appearance of such documents also appeared in the USA. In 2002, representatives of 188 countries of the world signed the New Orleans Agreement, which recognized the face’s biometrics as the main identification technology for passports and next-generation entry visas.
Thus, the digital display of a person’s own name is universally used to identify an individual according to the submitted document throughout the world and in various socio-religious value systems.
The problem of human identification using a uniquely understood universal name in all languages on a global scale is not resolved today.
Any biological trace of a person with a certain degree of reliability can be faked now.
Face and hands say a lot about a person’s personality, appearance and character. This belief appeared hundreds of years ago.
In the “Biometric Passport” project, Viktor An considers the connection between a psychological portrait of a person and a photo, which is used for document ID.
The face and fingerprints for a biometric passport are lines, forms that give information about the structure of a person, who the person is originally.
The psychological portrait of a man and his hands, with all the traces that life has left on him, can carry a lot of information about the life, fate and character of its owner and show that, and most importantly, how he happened to survive.
Joy and sadness, resentment and anger - each of our emotions is reflected on the face. 22 muscles are responsible for his mimicry. Those who work more often form certain mimic wrinkles that create a unique “map” of our emotional life. Experiences and lifestyles are clearly imprinted on the face and hands, which are not counted and not read in the biometric passport.